Vietnam National Day

Vietnam National Day Ba Dinh Square

Vietnam National Day is celebrated on 2nd of September. September 2nd is an important landmark marking a major turning point of Vietnam, symbolizes the August 1945 Revolution and “Vietnam National Day”.

On this day in 1945 President Ho Chi Minh had solemnly read the Declaration of Independence in Vietnam at Ba Dinh Square in Hanoi. With this he proclaimed the birth of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam. This event marked the beginning of a new era for the Vietnamese nation.

The notable sign for the cheerful spirit of the day is the appearance of Vietnam flags everywhere, coloring the whole country with lively red backgrounds and jovial yellow stars. The streets are exploded with a boom of red and yellow banners of celebrations and oversized posters of Uncle Ho speaking into a microphone in 1945.

There is also an annual marching on the Ba Dinh Square and fireworks in the major cities of Vietnam. September 2nd is truly an utmost special day for the whole Vietnam nation.

Origin of the Date

The Japanese occupied Vietnam during World War II but allowed the French to remain and exert some influence. At the war's end in August 1945, a power vacuum was created in Vietnam. Capitalizing on this, the Việt Minh launched the "August Revolution" across the country to seize government offices. Emperor Bảo Ðại abdicated on August 25, 1945, ending the Nguyen Dynasty.

On September 2, 1945, at Ba Đinh Square, Ho Chi Minh, leader of the communist Viet Minh organization, declared Vietnam's independence under the new name of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam in a speech that invoked the United States Declaration of Independence and the French Revolution's Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen.

In that same year, the France sent the French Far East Expeditionary Corps to fight the Japanese occupation forces and to restore French rule. The First Indochina War between Viet Minh and the French forces ensued on November 20, 1946 after the Haiphong Incident.

The war lasted until July 20, 1954.
During the course of the war, the French and Vietnamese loyalists suffered fewer losses but was eventually dealt a major strategic setback at the Siege of Dien Bien Phu.

This allowed Ho Chi Minh to negotiate a ceasefire with an advantageous position at the Geneva conference of 1954. French colonial administration ceased to govern following the dissolution of French Indochina.

The forces of former French supporters and communist nationalists were separated south and north, according to the Geneva Accords of 1954. The Vietnamese Demilitarized Zone was established at the 17th parallel. Vietnam was partitioned with Ho Chi Minh’s Democratic Republic of Vietnam in North, and Emperor Bao Dai’s State of Vietnam in the South. This partitioning was not intended by the 1954 Agreements.

Travel Tips

As a typical National Day, Vietnamese has a day-break from work to commemorate the event’s historical significance. All the places of interest in Vietnam are filled up by a sea of tourists who take advantage of the National holiday to travel around in the country

Thus, it's not so convenient for foreign travelers to travel during this period. Tickets and hotels should be booked several days in advance. Or, you'd better avoid this peak traveling period.

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