Traditional Fine Arts in Vietnam

Traditional fine arts in Vietnam Traditional fine arts in Vietnam

Vietnam has 54 ethnic groups, each of which has its own traditional culture. The diversity of the ethnic groups is apparent in the many traditional and cultural Vietnamese treasures. These treasures include the various works of art found throughout the country, including sculpture, ceramic, painting and casting made from materials such as clay, stone, bronze, steel, wood and paper.

Hanoi Imperial Hotel would like to introduce several varieties of Vietnamese art followings:

Folk paintings

Folk paintings are a combination of traditional cultural values with ancient artistic methods that have been created through the labour of past generations. There are two types of Vietnamese folk paintings, Tet (Lunar New Year Festival) paintings and worshipping paintings.

Each style of painting is different. However, in all the styles, shapes are created based on the concept of single line simple designs, which uses lines to bend the color shapes and to make a border for the picture.

As a result of cultural exchange, Vietnamese folk paintings have retained and developed certain traditional aspects. As well, the paintings have been influenced and enriched by the genius of other painting styles. One exception is Dong Ho paintings, which continue to exits unchanged against the challenges of time.

Dong Ho paintings

These paintings which originated in the Red River Delta, are the most famous. The artists coat do paper (the Rhamnonueron Paper) with diep power (a white powder made from the shells of diep, a kind of fluvial bivalve mollusk) to make silver lustre gi\liter. Sometimes yellow flower powder called Hoa Hoe ow orange-red sapandwood powder is used to make the colours more elegant and shiny.

On that background, the colours are applied with woodblock. Some of the oaintings only have simple black lines, while others are printed with one other colour. All of the materials for creating the colours for these paintings come from nature. A wide spectrum of colours can be made using mixing and multi-coloured printing techniques.

Dong Ho paintings reflect people’s innermost feelings, wishes, and simple dreams. Because the paintings appeal to so many people, they are available throughout the country, from the village markets to the capital city.

Kim Hoang paintings

Kim Hoang paintings, which are often called red paintings, are made on the outskirts of ancient Thang Long. Kim Hoang paintings are printed and drawn on imported coloured paper (yellow, bright red, pink) and printed with black lines and shapes; other colours used to separate the shapes.
The themes of Kim Hoan paintings are similar to those of the Dong Hoa paintings but there are also Chinese charater paintings Phuc, Loc, Tho (meaning “ Happiness”, “ Good Luck”, and “Longevity” respectively), that have the typical flower of each season printed next to each charater.

Sinh village paintings

Sinh village paintings, which come from Sinh village, a suburb of Hue city, are well-known in the central region of Vietnam. Most Sinh Village paintings are used for worship, and they express the mystical, nature-based beliefs of the ancient Vietnamese.

Among these pictures is the Tuong Ba (Staue of the Lady) painting, the guardian angel of women. Sinh paintings are made using just one printing-board to create the drawing lines and black shapes. After being printed in black, the work is sometimes completed with embellishments made with colourful lines. Some paintings are still printed on rustic paper.

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